1 uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm; "a novel told in burbly panting tones" [syn: burbling, burbly, gushing]
2 extravagantly demonstrative; "insincere and effusive demonstrations of sentimental friendship"; "a large gushing female"; "write unrestrained and gushy poetry" [syn: emotional, gushing(a), gushy]
- For other uses, see effusion (disambiguation).
In chemistry, effusion is the process where individual molecules flow through a hole without collisions between molecules. This occurs if the diameter of the hole is considerably smaller than the mean free path of the molecules. According to Graham's law, the rate at which gases effuse is dependent on their molecular weight; gases with a lower molecular weight effuse more quickly than gases with a higher molecular weight. For two gases at the same temperature (and having the same specific heat), and thus having the same kinetic energy, the average molecular speed of each gas can be found using the equation E=(1/2) mv^2. Thus, lighter molecules have a higher speed. This results in more molecules passing through the hole per unit time. This is why a balloon filled with low molecular weight hydrogen left alone for a reasonable amount of time deflates faster than a separate balloon full of higher molecular weight oxygen.
effusive in French: Effusion
effusive in Hebrew: אפוזיה
effusive in Polish: Efuzja (fizyka)
effusive in Portuguese: Efusão (química)
effusive in Serbian: Ефузија
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